The Canadas del Teide (spelled Cañadas in Spanish) have their own sun, wind, cloud and weather rules and consequent flora.
Their enormous size of open space with a diameter of 10-16km and a circumference of 45 km plays a role.
Indeed, this is all part of the exceptional, fortunate Elysian world that was already known to Homer, to Plutarch of ancient Greece and to elite Egyptians.
Not only Colombo used the high altitude trade winds which render a breeze to the warm Canadas. They helped the explorer to get via the Tenerife Island Gomera to America. The Portuguese 'sailed before the wind' with those Northeasterlies for trading. Those fast moving clouds are much drier and lighter. They prevent further rising of the heavier, denser Elysian winds by the latest at 1600m at the edges of the Cañadas crater. The Elysians reach the Canadas del Teide via the Orotava Valley from the Atlantic in the West. The scientific principle, why Elysians don't get into the higher regions of the Teide National Park is called convection.
No, not in this case, but a romantic setting nevertheless...
An ocean of clouds by way of Elysian winds is rather common during a romantic Tenerife sundown in the National Park in the Canadas, as depicted above.
No, they are not like the Sahara desert where temperatures drop as low as cold 5 degrees C during the night, unless in winter.
Indeed, temperatures by the volcano's peak may easy go as low as 15 Degrees Celsius during the coldest months. That may even be as late as by the end of February.
This happened in 2016. Then you could see a very white Teide Volcano, as depicted below.
Besides, 30 degrees Celsius in summer during the day are hardly unpleasant by Teide because of the trade wind breeze.
By the Teide Telerifico the cable care station 800m below the world's 3rd tallest volcano is a backpacker cabin for resting and staying the night. There is a good reason for it, as is explained, just now.
The purity of the air near the Teide top is generally little affected by the dormant volcano. However some gases, such as sulfur always escape, but don't change the climate. A temperamental awakening of the active giant with the rumbling tummy deep down would be a different story. Ultra violet rays would still penetrate everything, though. Obviously, the higher you climb there, the thinner the air. Your health may become an issue at the Telerifico or by the latest at the highest point of the Canadas at the Teide summit of 12198 feet.
The Elysian winds which cause grey and later white clouds which are called bad, whet weather by people in South Tenerife bring pleasant temperatures. They are a blessing and don't really stay on the Tenerife North coast. They may start to cling to the mountain slopes at 400m. They keep on climbing from there and rest between 1200m and 1600m above sea level. They enter the ground as high as the borders of the Teide Canadas highlands and provide water for a whole island, not just for parts of the outskirts of its National Park. In fact, the huge mass of white water vapor which seems to stop suddenly by the blue skies of the Canadas del Teide, looks rather odd.
The Canadas del Teide would be a tropical rain forest, as you may know from the movie 'Gorillas in the mist'. They would have a sauna climate if the trade winds didn't practically sit themselves onto the thick clouds caused by Elysians and stopped them to rise.
Noon times in the mountains, such as higher levels of the Cañadas are best used for rest, as the sun may be very hot. Also beware that even lower land than the 3718m high Teide isn't immune to big, sudden climate changes in winter. Temperatures can drop from 30 degrees Celsius to freezing conditions between November and April.
There is a visible Bar by the Cordilera del Teide which is a pretty luxury road right through the Canadas. There is also 'El Parador del Teide' which is the only hotel in the whole Tenerife National Park. It's not cheap, nor is its restaurant which is open to everybody but its Teide hotel standard is good and its park location is unbeatable.
The different winds of the Canadas do more than help and so does snow and even ice. Both spread over very dangerous hills, however. So no winter sports... Snow on Mount Teide by its Canadas lasted well into Easter in the year 2014. That fact and the following exceptional warm weather turned its Tenerife landscape into an awesome paradise of square miles of most breath taking natural rockeries. The volcanic grounds
that are often rich in certain minerals and microscopic life exploded with
colors. This is also a country where lizards and bats help to fertilize the soil
and where healthy bees love to do their work to help nature.
Expats who paid their early year dues to the big volcano district raved about the masses and sizes of red Tajinastes in 2014. These Echium Wildpretii often surpassed a height of well over 2 meters or 7 foot.
How did the hikers find them? They walked from the Canadas del Teide Portillo Visitors Center here towards the Teide Fortaleza.
Discover some unusual photos with a snow capped Teide of Canadas at Puerto de la Cruz in this context..
As the Cañadas del Teide can be accessed from Izaña within a few minutes I wouldn't chance it to go there on a cloudy day.
All Teide mountain roads may be closed during extremely high snow fall. This is taken into consideration by organized astronomy watch tours to Izaña. Tours are postponed, then.
The safest and most pleasant way to experience the climate by the Teide crater called Cañadas for the first time is to do a trip along its 25 km Cordillera mountain roads with a tour bus or with a rented car. Tour operators are familiar with the Cañadas. They may foresee bad weather and may postpone a trip..
Later, try 'do it yourself' Canadas excursions to Spain's highest peak with tips on road tracks in summer, spring or, early autumn, provided you have the time.
A rented car helps very much with last minute route changes because of inconvenient weather.
However generally, the climate of the Cañadas del Teide hardly ever lets you down.
Escape into a protected land of rocks, lava, sand and unsurpassed beauty. There, the Tenerife sun and clouds may produce wonders.
Canary pines grow within the most narrow creeks. Miniature plant wonders shelter lizards and butterflies.
Watch, eagles, owls, hawks, you name them... All those birds of prey love the skies by Mount Teide.
Keep a look out for falcons, such as the Barbary falcon of the Canadas del Teide. This is now one of ecologically threatened birds like almost all falcons, as they may attract passionate human hunters.
Generally, you will feel like driving within a movie, once you are up there below mount Teide on its cauldron plateau. Take your time
for easy go riding by
a sometimes endless seeming chain of mountains bathed in sun light or even in snow.
Consider cycling training for better endurance. Tenerife altitudes, such as the Canadas del Teide are ideal for it besides the popular Teno Alto track. The British cycling champion Bradley Wiggins has been seen there in 2012 before he won the Tour de France and a London race, later on. Lance Armstrong was a long time fan of Teide endurance cycling until he was suspended. Doping, you know...
Please, return from Canadas del Teide to the biggest of all Canary Islands where everybody with a rented or own holiday home in Tenerife loves this region of Spain by its highest peak.
Info about the geological background of Tenerife Teide, its two half craters the Canadas and its island here.