Why the history of sand art La Orotava takes the ancient crafts quantum leaps further.
The oldest form
of sand art
is not the one of La Orotava which takes your breath away.
No, its most ancient art form goes
back more than 2000 years.
Other prime works where sand is used
Eastern culture such as Zen is brimming with crafts related to it.
The patterns of intricately raked dry gardens of finely crushed gravel by Buddhist temples are the most
Sand that represents water or rivers
by artistic means is much loved in parks and gardens of Japan. The motto in such cases is basically 'More is less'.
Then, there are artistic sand mandalas, too.
Art or sand crafts in Japanese gardens?
Depicted below is Japanese landscaping
with artistically arranged sand in a private semi 'dry garden' in the Western world.
In many parts of the world, sculptures made by moist beach sand have become the rage since last century.
Sand carpets are much less known. Yet, there is one made yearly at La Orotava town hall of Tenerife Spain. Its aesthetics may be claimed to beat all others made with sand by its quality of godeous beauty, except by size.
By 1912, the evolution of this Corpus Christi sand art started very slowly.
Eventually, it replaced all flower petal crafts for the yearly event by the town square 'Plaza del Ayuntamiento'.
Now, its enormous progress doesn't only remind
Baroque paintings of fine art in
Tenerife churches but, fulfills other
criteria as well.
How volcanic sand from Mount Teide made a gigantic carpet of beauty possible
The volcanic sands
from Spain's highest peak, the world's third biggest volcano come in all kinds of shades.
They can even be bought at the Casa de Artesania opposite the famous Casa de los Balcones.
Besides, it was possible to mix the sands from the Cañadas of Teide National Park. This provided different color variations easily. Also in the past, marble sand which was an exception filled a needed gap for the art work.
In 1906, everybody in La Orotava felt that the much admired new town square with its elegant surroundings should be used for Corpus Christi temporary art which could be sacrificed by walking over during the traditional procession.
The artists that made this possible by sand art
- 1912 the flower carpet artist (alfombrist) Felipe Machado
- Felipe Machado's nephew Tomás Machado y Mendéz Fernandéz de Lugo the architect
- Pedro Hernández de Méndez de Lugo another related flower carpet artist
- D.José Gonález Alonso
- D.Ezequiel de León Dominguéz the sculptor
- D.Domingo González Expósito the man who was born in Caracas and who is now also
director for tuition to Corpus Christi flower artists. Its school is part of the Escuela Municipal de arte (Municial school of art and drawing) at the Casa de la Cultura de la Orotava
- The young sand art students a town investment for present and future success of outstanding sand carpets
- Also involved is the sculptor and painter Cristo Quintero, a very talented student of the late D.Ezequiel de León Dominguéz.
15 criteria of the history of art of the sand carpet of La Orotava
- A material, such as Teide sand which could be sprinkled with fingertips
- 4 weeks and sometimes 45 days are needed for the final work of the carpet, the start of which is depicted, while preparations and planning take all year
- Methodical architectural design layout which may have 5 sections for a floor whose tiles made calculation easier
- Covering of the main joints of the paved town square
- Center partition for the Christ painting as focal point as most important topic of Corpus Christi
- Smoothness of surface where drawings with chalk could be done that could be colored-in by sand
- Sand art borders on the 4 sides of the carpet look alike, while more abstract details like petals are possible
- Details of painted topics which come from dogma church icons as well as from the Old and New Testament of the Bible
- Crushed and ground volcanic stones to almost dust to create veils (veladas) of clothes that float by the misting technique (esfumatos)
- Also, to achieve clouds with fog like effects (esfumatos) to suit the spiritualism of the Catholic religion
- Pedro Hernández de Mendéz added the technique of transparencies
- The introduction of optical illusion or 'trompe l'oeil', (the French art jargon)
- Sometime last century, somebody had the idea to use a partly open tent for the art workshop of the sand carpet
- 1947, the architect acquired the skill of perspective to the sand art of the gigantic carpet
- Mind that 3D street art may not really be an issue with works like the Orotava Corpus carpet
It took the artists of la Orotava's sand carpet of the Corpus celebration decades of trial and error to reach today's perfectionism of virtually fine art.
A TV channel's Eng Cameraman
is doing video footage for the media while an artist is swinging a paint brush in June, 2014. It couldn't bee seen that anything was painted with it.
La Orotava's famous Corpus Christi sand art past
- 1264 Corpus Christi becomes worldwide dogma by Pope Urbano IV
- 1847 Doña Leonor del Castillo de Monteverde starts the family's first flower carpet together with Miss Maria Teresa Monteverde y Bethencourt and Mrs.Pilar Monteverde y del Castillo.
- 1869 - 1895 construction of a new Orotava town hall with social rooms for the people
- 1905 Visit by the Royal Navy to the Orotava town hall
- 1906 The welcome to King Alfonso XIII at the town hall
- 1912 Architect Mariano Estanga's construction of the town hall 'Explanada' with black and white floor slabs on perfectly level grounds surrounded by elegant houses, palms and flower beds
- 1847-1997 Anniversary of 150 years of sand painting art Orotava
- 2007, June 13 Certificate by Guinness Book of Records for the world largest sand painting of 859,42m2 (9,250.7 square foot
created in La Orotava
Walk down the virtual sand carpet memory lane
Go back as far as 1968 by the following video. It contributes to the carpets' later art history when flowers and other material were not used any more besides sand.
Soil or sand?
Some locals refer to soil carpets (alfombras de tierra) instead of sand carpets. Perhaps, one could settle for sandy soil in some circumstances, while volcanic soils sounds rather odd.
The latest sand carpet of 2014
It's absolutely fine art and stunning. But it defeats a little the progress made for public perception. I missed my binoculars this year to see details in the side carpets from the height of the town hall balconies. Why? Too much picture content which tells stories should be less important with this kind of art. Also, it never fits into a normal camera lens.
From sand art back to Spain art
How I improved my knowledge about the techniques of the incredible sand art of the Orotava carpet which is explained in detail in Spanish here.
Street art made with salt in La Longuera of Los Realejos as alternative to Corpus Christi art with sand.
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